Whenever you are looking for a new pair of soccer cleats you will notice that some of the product titles can be somewhat confusing. They’ll often have words, abbreviations and even numbers in their name which seem to make no sense and make them sound more like a chemical formula than soccer footwear.

Two of the letters you will regularly see in the product title of soccer cleats is ‘FG’ and if you have ever wondered what this and many of the other abbreviations are, then read on as we are about to explain what they all mean. More information about FG code on your soccer cleats.Soccer is played across the world on all kinds of playing surfaces and because of this, there is no single brand or soccer footwear product that is ideal for playing on all of them.

What is FG in Soccer Cleats 2

What is FG in Soccer Cleats

Sports footwear manufacturers create a range of soccer shoes, which may have similarities in terms of the upper materials, styling, cushioning, colors and even the laces. However, the part of the soccer shoe which is underneath will differ in several ways depending on what surface they have been designed for.When we say the part underneath, we are referring to the sole of the soccer shoe and the studs or cleats. This is the part of the soccer shoes which players rely on for grip and traction which are vital when they are running, turning, jumping or trying to stop.Without the appropriate type of sole and cleats for the surface they are playing on, the likelihood is players will lose their footing more often, be unable to run as fast, and will struggle to jump in the air. In the worst-case scenario, players may even injure themselves because of a slip or loss of grip.

Those injuries could be as minor as a knock which they can run off in a minute or so, but they could just as easily be a serious muscle strain or torn ligament.To help customers choose the right sort of soccer cleats for the surfaces they play on, the industry developed a series of abbreviations which indicates the different types. This makes it so much easier to choose, compared to the confusion if each manufacturer or brand had their own system.So, here are the surfaces which have been designated a code, and what they mean in terms of the soccer cleats you might buy to play on them.

Although most soccer is played outdoors, it is also a very popular indoor sport, and although the variances in surfaces are not as significant as outdoors, it is still useful to understand them.Indoor soccer shoes are instantly recognizable as such, especially when you look at the soles. There are no large studs or cleats, but you may find lots of small dimples. The material used for the sole is normally gum rubber. Indoor soccer shoes are normally identified by the two-letter code, ‘IN’.As we move outdoors we come to artificial surfaces, and there two main types that manufacturers create soccer shoes for. The first is one you are likely to have heard of: Astroturf. This is the brand name of the Astroturf company who have been producing artificial sports surfaces since the 1960s. Any soccer shoes which are designed for Astroturf have the two-letter code, ‘AT’.

What is FG in Soccer Cleats 3

Any other type of artificial surface which soccer is played on is simply called artificial grass and this is manufactured and supplied by numerous companies. Soccer shoes for these surfaces are identified by the letters, ‘AG’.Time to go ‘natural’, and the surface which most soccer is played on: grass. It would be simple just to use ‘G’ for grass soccer cleats: however, there are many significant differences between grass surfaces around the country.The softest of these is where the ground is prone to moisture and has a fair degree of give. In other words, a stud can easily penetrate the surface. To ensure you keep your feet on this type of surface, you should look for soccer cleats marked, ‘SG’, which stands for Soft Ground.

At the other end of the scale are those hard and dry soccer pitches which look as though they haven’t seen rain for months. They tend to be dusty, and very solid underfoot. The soccer cleats required for this surface have lots of conically shaped studs, which distribute pressure on the foot. This footwear is designated, Hard Ground, and the code for them is ‘HG’.This brings us to the most common and most popular soccer surfaces and for playing on them we have soccer cleats which are the most widespread. This is Firm Ground, which as the name suggests is grass which is mostly dry, but still has a degree of give underfoot.


This is the type of surface you will find at top football clubs around the world as it consists of natural grass which is occasionally watered, either by rain, or a greenkeeper. Whenever you get a chance to play on this type of grass, take it, and make sure you are wearing your ‘FG’ soccer cleats when you do.